Setting Goals


Consider & analyse:

  • What is goal setting?
  • Why set goals?
  • What does goal setting achieve?
  • What are SMART goals?


  • Appreciate why goal setting matters
  • Understand how to set SMART goals
  • Apply the principles of SMART goal setting

What is goal setting?

  • Goal setting is the process of deciding what you want to accomplish and devising a plan to achieve the result you desire.
  • For effective goal setting, you need to do more than just decide what you want to do; you also have to work at how you want to go about achieving it.
  • Therefore the first thing you have to do is develop a plan to close the gap between where you are now and the end result you want to achieve.
  • Understanding the importance of goals and the techniques involved in setting achievable goals paves the way for successful goal setting.

Why set goals?

Transforms insurmountable mountains into walkable hills

  • Proper goal setting can help break larger, intimidating aspirations into smaller, more achievable steppingstones.

Defines what you & the team truly wants to accomplish

  • Goal setting involves team members in the shaping of the goals.

Propels you & your team forward

  • Having a contracted goal with an agreed date for accomplishment gives you and your team something to plan for and work towards.

Helps you & your team members believe in themselves

  • Setting goals for your team is a way to fuel ambition. Goal setting isn’t just about creating a plan, it’s also about giving them the inspiration necessary to aim for things never thought possible.

Holds yourself & the the team accountable

  • Concrete goals allow team members to hold each other accountable.

How to set SMART goals

  1. Set worthwhile and meaningful goals for yourself, and include team members when setting team goals.
  2. Guard against having a “laundry list” of goals with no prioritization
  3. Ensure you & your team members are challenged by and committed towards achieving the goals
  4. Goals need to be specific and clear so that they are easily understood by all
  5. Be clear on how you will evaluate the progress and successful achievement of your goals (measurements)
  6. Goals must be achievable and realistic AND should also stretch yourself & your team members
  7. Goals need to have a deadline therefore you & the team only have a certain amount of time to achieve the goals
  8. Goals setting is an ongoing, iterative process so be sure to review your goals regularly
  9. When you & the team achieves its goals, ensure appropriate acknowledgement and rewards

Please watch the following video

Your personal goal setting exercise

You are invited to apply what you have learned thus far to your own goals:

  1. Write down 1 goal for yourself that feels challenging and motivating. Start with the words “I will…”
  2. Describe the goal in detail and be specific.
  3. Describe how you will recognise your progress as well as the successful achievement of your goal.
  4. Be sure your goal is both achievable and realistic and assign a timeline to your goal.
  5. Lastly and most importantly, you need to make an action plan. Break your goal down into smaller steps that you can action and against which you can track your progress.
  6. Once you have completed the exercise, determine to what extent your goal meets the criteria and guidelines for effective and successful goal setting that we have explored in this module.